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International conference on Reproductive Health, Infertility and IVF , will be organized around the theme “Recent Advancements in Infertility and IVF”
ivf health 2019 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in ivf health 2019
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Globally, women's access to health care remains a challenge, both in developing and developed countries. Generally, men and women share comparative health challenges; the only dissimilarity is that the health of women merits specific consideration. Women’s health includes a wide range of issues including its function of organs and systems involved in reproduction, pregnancy and childbirth. Some women have interesting health related issues with painful periods, menstruation, menopause, and endometriosis – gynecological diseases can seriously impair a woman's feeling of well-being and quality of life. The origin of these diseases can lie in hormonal imbalances and cause of women infertility. Modern hormonal contraceptives are highly reliable in terms of protection against unplanned pregnancy. The leading cause of death among women of reproductive age is HIV/AIDS which is due to biological factors and limitation of women’s knowledge about HIV and unsafe sex. Lack of contraception results in unwanted pregnancies, unsafe abortions, sexually transmitted infections, which is dangers and are the main source of death in young women’s.
Reproduction of the species is a fundamental property of all living things. Good sexual and reproductive health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being in all matters relating to the reproductive system and to its functions. It states that people are able to have a safe sex life and every individual has the right to make their own choices about their sexual and reproductive health. They must be informed and allow to protecting themselves from sexually infected diseases. The aim of Reproductive Medicine is to improve and maintain the quality of reproductive health. Reproductive Medicine is a branch of medicine that specializes in puberty, menopause, contraception (birth control), Pregnancy, fertility preservation, diagnosing and treating infertility, and other reproductive problems. It includes diagnosis of infertility and recurrent pregnancy loss, and assisted reproductive technologies such as in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer.
Some women experience health problems during pregnancy. This can involve the mother’s health, the fetus's health, or both. Some women have serious health problems before they become pregnant that could lead to complications. Other problems arise during pregnancy. These difficulties may make the pregnancy a high-risk pregnancy. Whether a Medical complication of pregnancy is common or rare, there are many ways to manage problems that come up during pregnancy. Getting early and regular prenatal care can help decrease the risk for problems by enabling health care providers to treat, diagnose, or manage conditions before getting serious health issue. There are many complications during pregnancy which includes, High blood pressure, Gestational diabetes, Infections, miscarriage, Preterm labor, stillbirth, Iron-deficiency anemia, etc.
Obstetrics specifically deals with the welfare of the pregnant woman and her baby. It is the branch of medicine and surgery concerned with childbirth and midwifery. Gynecology is the branch of physiology and medicine which deals with the functions and diseases specific to women and girls, especially those affecting the reproductive system (vagina, uterus, ovaries and Mammary gland) and diagnoses cancer of the reproductive organs includes ovaries, uterus, cervix, vagina and fallopian tubes. Authorities in obstetrics and gynecology practice in a hostile situation and face strain to enhance medicinal services quality. The Harvard Medical Practice Study found that 1.5% of hospitalized obstetrics patients encounter an adverse situation and that 38.3% of these results were identified with careless care.
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A Reproductive Endocrinology and Infertility specialists is the total investigation of female hormone framework from youth through menopause with the elements of pituitary, ovaries, and infertility. It encloses zones, for instance, early embryonic development, gametogenesis, reproductive progression, fertilization, pregnancy, endocrinology of reproduction, reproductive immunology and primarily focus on the treatment of hormonal dysfunctions in females and males outside infertility. It is related to the control and function of the different endocrine glands in women, the effects of reproductive events on the endocrine system, and the consequences of endocrine disorders on reproduction.
Adolescence is a period of transition from childhood to adulthood during which adolescents develop biologically and psychologically and move towards independence. Adolescent sexual and reproductive health refers to the physical and emotional wellbeing of adolescents and includes their ability to remain free from unwanted pregnancy, unsafe abortion, STIs (including HIV/AIDS), and all forms of sexual violence and coercion.
Maternal health includes the health of women throughout childbirth, pregnancy and also the postnatal period. It encompasses the healthcare aspects of preconception, prenatal, postnatal care, and family planning. Globally, about 800 women die every day of preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth. Maternal deaths are now increasingly concentrated in sub-Saharan Africa, where high fertility rates combine with inadequate access to quality antenatal care and skilled attendance at birth to substantially elevate the risk of death in this region.
Fertility is a natural ability to produce offspring and conceive. As a measure, fertility rate is the number of offspring born per mating pair, individual or population. Fertility differs from fecundity, which influenced by gamete production, fertilization and carrying a pregnancy called reproduction. Human fertility depends on factors of sexual behavior, nutrition, consanguinity, instinct, endocrinology, timing, and way of life, culture, economics, and emotions. A woman’s most fertile time is during ovulation. Ovulation occurs within 11th to 21st day of a woman’s cycle. A lack of fertility is called infertility, while a lack of fecundity would be called sterility. Infertility is the inability of a person or condition in both male or female, animal and plant to reproduce by natural means. Infertility in human can likewise be treated with ARTs.
Female infertility refers to infertility in women and it occurs when a woman is unable to conceive after 12 months of regular, unprotected sexual intercourse. A menstrual cycle that's too long (35 days or more), too short (less than 21 days), irregular or absent can mean that female lack ovulating. Some causes of infertility in women are treatable; for those that are not, assisted conception, surrogacy or adoption could be considered as alternative ways to start a family. The leading causes of Infertility are endometriosis, polycystic ovary disorder (PCOS), tubal blockage and progressed maternal age that influences egg amount/quality. It is a condition that affects approximately 1 out of every 6 couples. It affects an estimated 48 million women, with the highest prevalence of infertility affecting people in South Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa/Middle East, and Central/Eastern Europe and Central Asia.
Reproductive cancers in men can be found in the penis, testicles, and prostate gland and it causes risk to the male population. Prostate cancer is the most common nonskin cancer in the United States, Testicular cancer is the most common solid malignancy affecting men ages 15 to 35, and Penile cancer comprises 20% of cancers in men in Africa, Asia, and South America. Reproductive dysfunction and malignancies related to the male reproductive system also deals with a serious health concern. Male infertility refers to a male's inability to cause pregnancy in a fertile female. In humans it accounts for 40–50% of infertility. It affects approximately 7% of all men. Male infertility is commonly due to deficiencies in the semen, and semen quality is used as a surrogate measure of male fecundity.
Sexually Transmitted diseases are also known as venereal diseases (VD) or sexually transmitted infections (STIs) that are passed from one person to another through sexual contact, by semen, vaginal secretions, blood during sexual intercourse, use of unsterilized drug needles, from mother to infant during childbirth or breast-feeding, and blood transfusions. Symptoms of this disease include penile discharge, vaginal discharge, ulcers on or around the genitals, and pelvic pain. Each year, there are an estimated 357 million new infections with 1 of 4 STIs: gonorrhoea, chlamydia, syphilis and trichomoniasis. Drug resistance, especially for gonorrhoea, is a major threat to reducing the impact of STIs worldwide. Antibiotics can treat STDs caused by yeast, bacteria, or parasites and also safer sex practices decrease the risk. Comprehensive sex education during school is also useful.
Endometriosis is a painful disorder in which tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus and the endometrium grows outside the uterus. Endometriosis is usually found in the lower abdomen or pelvis, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and tissue around the uterus and ovaries; however, in rare cases it may also occur in other parts of the body. The main symptoms are lower abdominal pain, pain with periods, pelvic pain and infertility. About 30% to 40% of women with endometriosis have some trouble conceiving and infertility is common with stage IV endometriosis. Several different treatment options can help manage the symptoms and improve the chances of getting pregnant.
Assisted reproductive treatment (ART), also known as assisted reproductive technology, refers to treatments and procedures used to assist people in achieving a pregnancy. ART mainly belongs to the field of reproductive endocrinology and infertility and depending on the cause of infertility, many types of treatment may be suggested, it includes In vitro fertilization (IVF), Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), artificial insemination (AI), donor conception, gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), surrogacy etc. Interested in ART should discuss the options with their health care provider and may need to consult a fertility specialist.
In vitro fertilization is a type of assisted reproductive technology which is used in infertility treatment or genetic problems and assist with the conception of a child. In IVF an egg is fertilized with sperm outside the body in a liquid medium in a specialized lab. The zygote goes through embryo culture for a period of 2–6 days, and then the specialist re-implants the embryos back into the woman’s uterus. This process intends to initiate a successful pregnancy.
The fetus of various formative stages, framed inside the female gametophyte through sexual procedure, can be detached aseptically from the greater part of maternal tissues of ovule, seed or container and refined in vitro under aseptic and controlled physical conditions in glass vials containing supplement strong or fluid medium to develop legitimately into plantlet.
Embryonic Development (embryogenesis) is the arrangement of changes a fetus experiences, pre-birth advancement, as it develops toward a develop life form. By and large, in people this phase of embryonic advancement is from origination (when the egg is prepared by a sperm) up to around about two months, where the infant is then called a baby.
Developing life move is a straightforward system that follows in vitro treatment (IVF) and is frequently considered the least complex and last advance of the in vitro preparation process. The target of developing life move is to encourage origination following treatment from the in vitro preparation strategy.
An untimely birth is a birth that happens over three weeks before the child's assessed due date. At the end of the day, an untimely birth is one that happens before the beginning of the 37th seven day stretch of pregnancy. Untimely infants, particularly those brought into the world all around ahead of schedule, regularly have convoluted restorative issues. Regularly, confusions of rashness shift. Be that as it may, the previous your infant is conceived, the higher the danger of intricacies.
IVF is a strategy for helped multiplication wherein a man's sperm and a lady's eggs are consolidated outside of the body in a research facility dish. At least one prepared eggs (incipient organisms) might be moved into the lady's uterus, where they may embed in the uterine covering and create. Genuine confusions from IVF medications and systems are uncommon. Similarly as with every therapeutic treatment, be that as it may, there are a few dangers. This archive talks about the most widely recognized dangers. Normally, injectable richness drugs (gonadotropins) are utilized for an IVF cycle. These meds help invigorate various follicles with eggs to develop in the ovaries. An increasingly point by point exchange of fruitfulness meds can be found in the ASRM booklet, Medications for inciting ovulation.